Are auto loans secured or unsecured?
When it comes to buying a new or used car, you may need to find funds in the form of a car loan. A car loan is a personal loan that you use to purchase a vehicle. You will pay the principal amount and the interest over a fixed period, generally between 1 and 7 years.
When looking at car loans, you may wonder if it is a secured or unsecured debt; well, it could be one or the other. Choosing the right loan that offers a reasonable interest rate and other features can save you a ton of money in interest and fees.
Secured or unsecured car loans
When shopping for car loans, it is important to understand whether car loans are secured or unsecured debt. The answer is they can be both, so check what kind of debt your lender is offering you.
A car loan can be a secured debt or a “secured loan”. A secured loan involves offering an asset, such as a car, as collateral for the loan. If you can’t repay the loan, the lender may take possession of the vehicle and sell it to try to recover some of the money you owe. This gives the lender some security and financial protection in case you are unable to repay. If your car is repossessed and sold for less than what you owe the lender, you will have to pay the lender for the lost profit.
A car loan can also be an unsecured debt. An unsecured loan has no assets acting as collateral for the loan. If you cannot repay the loan, the lender will need to obtain a court order before taking your assets and selling them to pay off the outstanding loan amount. Unsecured loans present a greater risk for lenders, so they are generally more difficult to obtain.
The Difference Between Secured and Unsecured Auto Loans
Here’s a quick and easy comparison that highlights the difference between secured and unsecured auto loans:
|Secured Auto Loans||Unsecured auto loans|
|Your car will serve as collateral for the loan.||Your car is not given as collateral for the loan.|
|Lenders generally offer secured auto loans for the purchase of new vehicles.||Unsecured auto loans are generally available for used cars.|
|The lender can recover the outstanding amount by repossessing your car and selling it.||There is no underlying security asset, so there is no threat of repossession.|
|Secured auto loans usually have a higher loan amount and a lower interest rate.||Unsecured auto loans usually have a reduced loan amount and a higher interest rate.|
What else to consider about secured auto loans
If you’re considering buying a used car, it’s important to remember that the previous owner may have used it as collateral for a car loan. If this loan is still not repaid, the lender can repossess the car, even if you just bought it.
To prevent this from happening, you need to do your due diligence before buying a car. The seller or previous owner cannot disclose these details.
You can check the Personal Property Security Registry (PPSR) to see if the car was previously purchased through a loan or is currently being used as collateral. The PPSR is a national registry for personal property over $5,000, including cars. You will have to pay a fee to check the register, but it will be able to show you if there are any loans currently holding the car as collateral and you can check this any time.